Porous nano-carbon from rice husk

All most all rice husks now have discarded. However, rice husk has a unique porous nano structure. It will become very useful if this structure is successfully utilized in some applications.

The carbonized rice husks include half of C and half of SiO2. The C and SiO2 atoms are complicatedly mixed and form a porous structure. If SiO2 is removed from the carbonized rice hulks, carbon will remain in a porous structure.

After an alkali washing process of carbonized rice hulks, SiO2 are removed and porous carbon is achieved in a honeycomb structure. The porous size is ranged from 100nm to 10 um. Finally, highly graphitized porous nano carbon material can be achieved by furthermore high-temperature annealing process.

We have established a continuous process from carbonization to annealing process to achieve such nano-porous graphite carbon in laboratory scale. The walls in the honeycomb structure are very thin and show graphene performance.

Microscopic Image of Rice Husk SEM Image of Porous Nano-carbon from Rice Husk Raman spectrum of Porous Nano-carbon